We have reached the bottom of the barrel. More than 90% of the Indian subcontinent was once covered in thick jungle. Today, only fragmented and degraded forest stands remain. The landscapes of India are biological deserts, shadows of a lost glory. Yet forests are our life-support system. Only with sufficient evergreen forest cover can land be resilient to climatic extremes, capable of regularizing and increasing rainfall, ensuring hydric sufficiency, re-fertilizing soils and reducing temperatures. The biological and energetic efficiency of the land increases with the proportion of undisturbed biomass, the extent and maturity of the vegetation. Within a single generation, India's environment could be radically changed. With proper water conservation measures and the planting of appropriate fast-growing evergreen trees over large surfaces, the frequency and intensity of droughts could be reduced as well as flooding, landslides and erosion. Tiny Islands of germplasm, Noah's Ark seed-orchards, set up throughout the country, would provide future generations with seeds of vital forest trees and genetic diversity. Kamataru has the expertise to bring back forests in even the most degraded lands.